秋季,孩子健康要注意什么

2016-10-21 15:21

Child Health Care in Autumn

——记海曙赫威斯学校的第六期家校教育研讨会

Ningbo Haishu Hanvos School Sixth Parent-School Education Symposium

季节交替,天气转凉,如何做好秋冬季节的儿童保健?发烧、咳嗽等常见的疾病应该如何应对?针对目前日益增多的“性早熟”家长该注意哪些方面?中国每年约有4000万儿童遭受各类伤害,一旦意外发生,家长又该怎样做好救治?围绕这一系列问题,海曙赫威斯学校的第六期家校教育研讨会——“儿童的卫生与保健”于2016年10月20日晚在校会议室举行。本次研讨会特邀宁波市妇女儿童医院主任医生——徐莉敏作为主讲嘉宾。徐医生从事儿科临床工作十余年,积累了丰富的临床经验,具有扎实的理论知识,尤其擅长治疗呼吸系统,新生儿疾病及各种危重症的抢救治疗。

What should the parents do to take good care of theirchildren with winter coming? How to deal with common diseases such as fever,cough,etc.? What can be done to avoid "precocious puberty"? About 40million children suffered various types of injuries in china, once the accidentoccurred, what should parents do? Ningbo Haishu Hanvos School sixthParent-School Education Symposium was held in October 20th ,2016 as DoctorXulimin as keynote speaker. The topic is “health care about chirdren”.

     

徐医生首先从儿童自身特点入手,结合秋冬季季节特点,指出秋冬保健 “要使小儿安,三分饥与寒”。首先,要科学的“冻”,提高儿童肌肉和关节的活动能力。其次,要合理的“吃”,建议食用山药、南瓜、茭白等当季食材,注重细粗搭配,平衡膳食。同时提醒家长注意让孩子远离过敏源,多去空气清新的室外运动,提高孩子自身免疫力。

What should the parents do to take good care of theirchildren with winter coming? First, do not wear too many clothes for your child.Children can adjust their body temperature to adapt to weather. Secondly, eatproperly. Chinese yam, pumpkin, wild rice and other seasonal ingredients are recommended.At the same time, parents should keep their children away from the allergensand do more outdoor activities.

针对儿童常见疾病,如发热、咳嗽、腹泻、变应性鼻炎和手足口病等,徐医生结合临床实例,采用互动的方式,与在座的家长和老师共同探讨了这些疾病的症状、病因及病程,并告知家长处理此类疾病时的注意事项。

Dr.Xu then talked about common childhood illnesses suchas fever, cough, diarrhea, allergic rhinitis etc. She used an interactiveapproach to discuss the symptoms, etiology and course of the disease withparents and teachers.

接着徐医生又介绍了从“性早熟”的表现及注意事项,建议家长要特别注意孩子的饮食,避免给孩子食用反季节蔬果;减少食用鸡翅、鸭脖等;少喝饮料,尤其是碳酸饮料及含糖量高的饮料。

As for “premature”,Dr. Xu recommended that parents payspecial attention to the children's diet: avoid eating off-season fruits andvegetables; reduce consumption of chicken wings, duck neck, etc .; drink lessbeverages, especially carbonated drinks and high sugar drinks.

儿童意外伤害是造成儿童伤害的头号杀手。据调查统计,中国意外伤害占儿童死因的总数的26.1%,而这个数字还在以每年7%—10%的速度增加。在儿童遇到意外伤害时,时间就是生命,徐医生重点介绍了心肺复苏术,并把它简化成CAB(Compression-Airway-Breathing)。最后,徐医生祝愿孩子们开开心心每一天,健健康康到永远。

Child accidental injury is the number one cause of childinjury. According to the survey, China's accidental injuries accounted for26.1% of the total number of child deaths, and this figure is still an annualincrease of 7% -10%. What should parents do when a child experiences anaccident? Dr. Xu focused on cardiopulmonary resuscitation and simplifies it toCAB (Compression-Airway-Breathing).

研讨会结束后家长们纷纷表示受益匪浅、意犹未尽,许多家长还在会后和徐医生做了面对面的交流。家长们表示会重视儿童卫生与保健,家校一起努力,让孩子在健康的大路上快乐前行。

After the seminar, parents said they had benefited a lotand had plenty to say. Many also had face-to-face chat with Dr. Xu.